Top 5 Best Android App Development Languages for 2024

This is great news for both businesses and coders. In the past ten years, the Android app development market has grown and changed a lot. 2024 is expected to be another turning point in its ever-evolving path.

More and more people have smartphones, which means that Android apps that are both unique and successful are needed more than ever. Developers need to be very careful when picking a computer language if they want to make systems that are easy for people to use, can grow with the company, and work well.

We are a well-known Android App Development Company, and know how important it is to choose the right computer languages and tools for Android development. This is very important for anyone who works with Android.

iQlance Solutions is a good choice for companies that need professional help making mobile apps. Their ability to finish projects successfully and the fact that our app developers in Toronto has a lot of experience help to explain this.

There are five languages that are most likely to be used to make Android apps in 2024. This blog post will talk about them. To make their unique qualities, benefits, and usefulness stand out, this will be done. 

We will cover:

  • Kotlin
  • Java
  • Dart (with Flutter)
  • C++
  • Python

1. Kotlin

Kotlin

Kotlin, developed by JetBrains, is now known as a top choice for developing Android apps. 

In 2017, Google officially declared Kotlin as the Android programming language. Since its introduction, Kotlin has consistently impressed with its attractive features and seamless interaction with Java. Because Kotlin combines significant type inference tools with static typing, it is a very powerful programming language. Its cross-platform nature allows it to function flawlessly on a wide range of operating systems. 

This is also widely acknowledged as the preferred language for Android applications, and Android Studio has excellent support for it. Because of its user-friendly design and versatility, the Android app market has widely adopted it as a preferred option for developers of all skill levels, including both novice and experienced programmers.

Uses:

A lot of Android apps are made with Kotlin because its simple style makes app developers happier.

Kotlin is useful for a lot of different things, from building websites and servers to making apps for smartphones.

Key Features:

  • Null Safety:

Kotlin’s strong type system makes code more stable by pretty much eliminating null pointer problems.

  • Extension Functions:

Now, developers can easily make their code more flexible and get rid of the need for subclassing by adding new features to classes that already exist.

  • Coroutines:

This makes it possible to make fast, non-blocking apps by making lightweight threading easier in asynchronous programming.

  • Data Classes:

This tool instantly creates the needed template code, which makes it easier to make POJOs, which are sometimes called “Plain Old Java Objects.”

Benefits:

Kotlin code is different from other languages because its structure is short. This helps to reduce the need for unnecessary code, which makes it easier to understand and maintain. Accidents happen much less often when null safety is built into systems, which encourages the creation of stable systems. 

Also, Kotlin works perfectly with Java, which makes it possible to adopt it gradually without having to change any code.

Pros and Cons:

  • Pros:

In line with current times, it has a lot of group support. Google has made it clear that this language can be used to make apps for Android.

  • Cons:

If programmers want to do well, they need to be open to new ideas, even if their main area of expertise isn’t a computer language like Java.

Real-Time Example:

Pinterest shows how powerful Kotlin can be by skillfully integrating it into its system to make it easier to make mobile apps. This update has made Pinterest more reliable and sped up the process of adding new features. They were able to do this by taking advantage of Kotlin’s creative features and making sure that it would work perfectly with their existing Java systems.

2. Java

Java

It’s no secret that Java is still the most popular language for making Android apps. It’s safe, fast, and has strong industry support.

Since Android first came out, Java has been the main computer language that can be used on it. The object-oriented design of Java makes it stand out from other computer languages. This architecture is based on classes and tries to make applications less important.

Because it is reliable, the computer language is used by many people. This server-side software does pretty well thanks to its well-thought-out interpreter/compiled code structure and strong focus on safety and security.

Uses:

A wide variety of web-based projects, Android apps, and corporate solutions make heavy use of Java.

Both the well-developed area and the large library collection can be used for many different things.

Key Features:

  • Object-Oriented Programming (OOP):

Object-oriented programming (OOP) in Java makes it easier to make programs that can be used again and again and can be changed to fit different needs. This makes the program easier to run and better able to handle larger amounts of data.

  • Rich API and Libraries:

The tools and application programming interfaces (APIs) in Java make everyday chores easier and make it easy to connect to other systems.

  • Platform Independence via JVM:

The Java Virtual Machine (JVM) makes it possible for Java apps to run smoothly on all kinds of devices. Their application opens up a number of possibilities.

Benefits:

Java has been used in businesses for a long time, so you can be sure that important applications will be able to count on its stability and regularity. You sit back.

Java is finally more useful now that it has good guidance and a strong group of developers. Both of these are necessary for sharing information and getting better support.

Pros and Cons:

  • Pros:

It is possible to access a lot of information and use older versions of the app. Also, the success factors show really great quality.

  • Cons:

The changes in this language have happened much more slowly than in newer languages, and its structure is more complex than that of modern languages. 

Real-Time Example:

Java is mostly in charge of the Android operating system’s basic features. Services like Spotify for Android rely on what Java can do. The goal of these programs is to take advantage of Java’s reliability and speed. Java will likely remain the best language for developing Android apps for a long time, even though new languages have come out to compete.

3. Dart (with Flutter)

Dart (with Flutter)

The Flutter user interface tools lets you make native apps that work on PC, web, and mobile devices. For example, you can write code once and then use it on different devices. Android uses Google’s own computer language called Dart in Flutter.

If you don’t include Dart in the ongoing arguments, you’ll miss a big point. The open-source computer language Dart is where the Flutter system gets its ideas. Its reputation depends on how well it can make complex programs that work on a wide range of systems.

Uses:

Because Flutter has a lot of parts that can be changed, it’s easy to make apps for both iOS and Android. Flutter simplifies the process of making apps for desktops and the web, and it makes it easy to change them to fit different screen sizes and pixels.

Key Features:

  • Hot Reload:

The fast restart feature of Flutter makes output better and speeds up iterative processes. If you want to see the changes to the code right away, you don’t have to restart the program.

  • Rich Widget Library:

Flutter makes it easier to make stylish and easy-to-use user interfaces by giving you a lot of pre-built components.

  • Strong Typing and Modern Language Features:

When you’re writing code in Dart, static typing can help you find assembly errors. After that, the code is much safer and more reliable.

Benefits:

By allowing developers to craft code once and deploy across multiple platforms, Flutter curtails development timelines and maintenance exigencies. Flutter apps compile directly to native ARM code, furnishing near-native performance on both Android and iOS devices. Furthermore, Flutter’s adaptable widgets empower developers to fabricate intricate UI designs mirroring platform-native aesthetics.

Pros and Cons:

  • Pros:

Cross-platform capabilities, accelerated development cycles via hot reload, flexible and expressive UI design.

  • Cons:

Elevated app size compared to native counterparts, evolving ecosystem with periodic transformative shifts.

Real-Time Example:

Google Ads, a prevalent application facilitating online advertising campaign management, adopts Flutter to ensure consistent user experiences across Android and iOS platforms. Google’s choice of Flutter unifies interface coherence whilst preserving operational agility and responsiveness. By leveraging Flutter, Google Ads reinforces brand consistency and operational continuity across diverse device ecosystems.

4. C++

C++

C++ stands out as a potent and efficient programming language, celebrated for its performance metrics and low-level system access. 

Widely preferred in scenarios necessitating swift responsiveness and resource efficiency, C++ finds its niche in game development and real-time processing. 

Furthermore, C++ ranks among the top-tier languages for Android app development, supported by Google’s Native Development Kit (NDK), an adjunct toolset interlinking with the Software Development Kit (SDK) to deploy native code bases like C/C++ for Android apps. 

C/C++ permits the development of a native library that seamlessly integrates with Java programs, proving indispensable in diverse sectors including gaming and banking.

Uses:

C++ shines in crafting performance-intensive Android applications, particularly gaming applications mandating high frame rates and complex computational workflows. 

Moreover, C++ finds favor in real-time processing applications requiring direct hardware resource oversight.

Key Features:

  • Low-Level Memory Manipulation:

C++ empowers developers to directly manage memory, optimizing resource consumption and augmenting operational efficiency.

  • High-Performance Computing:

The language’s efficiency lends itself to tasks demanding intensive computational processes and instantaneous responsiveness.

  • Game Development Engines:

Prominent game engines like Unreal Engine and Unity pivot on C++ for core functionalities and performance enhancements.

Benefits:

C++’s direct system resource access and streamlined memory management engender applications characterized by swifter execution and reduced resource utilization. 

Additionally, C/C++ code bases can be seamlessly integrated into Android applications, harnessing extensive libraries and frameworks cultivated over decades.

Pros and Cons:

  • Pros:

Exemplary performance metrics, direct system access, compatibility with C and legacy code repositories.

  • Cons:

Complex syntax, protracted development timelines vis-à-vis high-level languages, heightened susceptibility to bugs and memory leakage.

Real-Time Example:

Fortnite, an immensely popular online multiplayer game, taps into Unreal Engine, a game development framework rooted in C++. By leveraging C++, Fortnite delivers unparalleled graphics fidelity, seamless gameplay, and cross-platform compatibility across Android devices. The performance dividends of C++ play a pivotal role in Fortnite’s dominance within the competitive gaming arena.

5. python

python

Python garners acclaim for its simplicity, readability, and versatility, emerging as a preferred option for developers spanning varied domains including web development, data analysis, and scripting. 

Python operates as a high-level, all-purpose programming language underpinned by a design ethos prioritizing code readability via significant indentation. 

Formerly sidelined in Android app development, Python now benefits from multiple third-party tools facilitating the conversion of Python programs into deployable Android-compatible packages. 

Notably, Python’s dynamic binding and typing capabilities fortify its standing as a preeminent choice for Android app development.

Uses:

Python, in conjunction with frameworks like Kivy, empowers Android app creation, streamlining the production of cross-platform applications and maintaining native aesthetics. 

Python further enjoys widespread adoption across web development, scientific computing, and automation scripting arenas.

Key Features:

  • Simple and Readable Syntax:

Python’s streamlined syntax bolsters code legibility, expediting both development and debugging endeavors.

  • Extensive Standard Library:

The language boasts an expansive repository of libraries and modules simplifying intricate tasks such as data manipulation and web scraping.

  • Dynamic Typing:

Python’s dynamic typing accommodates swift prototyping and adapts nimbly to evolving project requisites.

Benefits:

Python facilitates rapid prototyping, courtesy of its straightforward syntax and expansive library repertoire. A vibrant developer community augments Python’s utility, fostering collaboration and knowledge exchange. 

Furthermore, Python’s versatility enables seamless adaptation across diverse domains, from modest scripts to intricate applications.

Pros and Cons:

  • Pros:

Accessible learning curve, accelerated development cycles, vast ecosystem spanning libraries and frameworks.

  • Cons:

Performance constraints vis-à-vis lower-level languages, lesser native support for Android in comparison to Java and Kotlin.

Real-Time Example:

Reddit, a premier platform aggregating social news and fostering discussions, initially relied on Python for backend development. While subsequent iterations transitioned to alternative languages for performance enhancement, Python played a pivotal role during initial prototyping and developmental stages. Python’s accessibility and readability facilitated agile iteration, proving instrumental in Reddit’s nascent phases.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the choice of programming language plays a crucial role in the success of Android app development. Each language discussed – Kotlin, Java, Dart (with Flutter), C++, and Python – offers unique features and benefits that cater to different development needs and scenarios.

iQlance Solutions a leading Cross Platform Mobile App Development has the expertise to leverage these languages effectively to deliver high-quality Android apps tailored to your business needs. Our team stays updated with the latest trends and best practices in Cross Platform mobile app development to ensure our clients receive the best possible solutions.

Whether you’re looking to build a new app from scratch or enhance an existing one, iQlance Solutions is here to help. Contact us today for a consultation and let us bring your vision to life with our top-notch Android app development services.

Key Considerations for Language Selection:

  • Performance Prerequisites:

Applications demanding top-tier performance and unfettered system access may find resonance in languages like C++.

  • Developer Familiarity:

Java remains a stalwart choice for teams entrenched within the Android ecosystem, while Kotlin presents a modern alternative complementing extant Java frameworks.

  • Project Flexibility:

Python’s adaptability emerges as a beacon for rapid prototyping and scenarios accentuating development agility and user-centric designs.

Why Opt for iQlance Solutions?

iQlance Solutions is affordable and skilled Mobile App Development Company Canada excels in harnessing the prowess of these premier Mobile App Development Company Toronto to furnish bespoke solutions aligning with your enterprise requisites. 

Our adept cadre of developers remains abreast of industry trends and best practices, ensuring deliverables not just meet but exceed expectations. From inception to deployment and sustained support, iQlance Solutions orchestrates end-to-end Android app development services, prioritizing excellence, efficiency, and innovation. Whether catalyzing a startup’s inaugural foray into app deployment or fortifying an enterprise’s digital footprint, our commitment to superlative outcomes remains unwavering.

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